Andorra Population 2021
What is the population of Andorra in 2021? How many people live in Andorra? The official population of Andorra in 2020 was 78,015 inhabitants, of whom 37,999 were Andorran, 19,211 Spanish, 9.083 Portuguese, and 3,423 French.
From 1963 (the first date that records are available by nationality) until 2004, the country’s first nationality was Spanish, with Andorran nationality being the second. Since 2005, the Andorran has been the first nationality, followed closely by the Spanish. This fact has occurred as a result of the partial flexibility of the restrictive policy of the acquisition of Andorran nationality to preserve “the uses and customs of the valleys of Andorra”.
Citizens who do not have Andorran nationality are in the majority, however, do not maintain the right to vote in municipal elections, nor can they be presidents or hold more than 33% of the share capital of a company.
As for the parishes in Andorra, the most populated is Andorra la Vella with a population of 22,440 in 2019, followed by Escaldes-Engordany with 14,599, Encamp with 11,688, La Massana 10,174, Sant Julià de Lòria with 9,375, Canillo 5,902 and Ordino with only 4,942 inhabitants. By populations, there are 13 nuclei with more than 1,000 inhabitants.
Andorran Population by Town
1. Andorra La Vella: 19,383
2. Escaldes-Engordany: 14,599
3. Sant Julià de Lória: 7,636
4. Encamp: 7,575
5. La Massana: 5,353
6. Santa Coloma: 3,057
7. Ordino: 3,034
8. Canillo: 2,213
9. Pas de la Casa: 1,949
10. Arinsal: 1,641
11. Vila: 1,100
12. Les Bons: 1,070
13. Aixirivall 1,001
Andorra had been a small and sparsely populated mountain country, but during the second half of the 20th century, it experienced an extraordinary population explosion that caused unprecedented intense urbanization of the territory.
Population Growth in Andorra
The population growth rate is higher, comparing to most European states; in 2008 it was estimated at 2% per year. The population growth rate is due to a birth rate, estimated in 2008, of 10.6 per 1000 inhabitants, a mortality rate of 5.6 per 1000 inhabitants, and a very high net migration rate of 14 migrants per 1000 inhabitants. The annual growth rate had reached an all-time high of 7.7% in 2003, followed by 6.4% in 2004, with Canillo being the parish with the highest rate. The life expectancy of Andorrans is the third highest in the world (according to WHO), estimated at 83.5 years. The fertility rate is 1.32 children per woman.
By age group, the population pyramid shows the majority of the population grouped between 35 and 55 years of age. In Andorra la Vella, Escaldes-Engordany, and Sant Julià de Lòria, people over 64 years of age account for 14%, a figure higher than the proportion of people under 15 years of age (13.5%).
Department of Statistics vs Parish Censuses
According to figures from the Department of Statistics, the Principality has 78,015 inhabitants, while the parish censuses raise the number of residents to 81,748, with a difference of 3,733 people.
Why there is such a discrepancy? The Department of Statistics estimates the resident population by cross-referencing data from other public bodies. On the other hand, the Principality has the communal registers through which the registered population figure is obtained from counts of registrations and cancellations in the different Comus. This divergence between the estimated and registered population data has been reduced in the last decade thanks to the revisions of the parish censuses.
The immigrant population outnumbers the Andorran inhabitants, with 51.3% of the total census. Also, the data show that a total of 56,225 people are in the 15-64 age group, also known as the working-age group. This group represents 72.5% of Andorran society. In terms of gender, there are 39,472 men (50.9%) and 38,071 women (49.1%). Only in the cases of Andorra la Vella and Escaldes-Engordany are there more women than men.
Comparing the figures obtained in 2018, the annual increase is mainly concentrated in those born in Andorra (+605 people), followed by residents of nationalities other than Spanish, French or Portuguese (+572), Spaniards (+100), French (+52), and Portuguese (+37). Residents of foreign nationality of working-age represent 40.3% of the population, as opposed to 32.3% of Andorran nationality inhabitants of the same age group.
More people over 64 than under 15 years of age
For the first time in the history of the Andorran census, there are more inhabitants over 64 years of age than under 15.
The data published by the Department of Statistics show that 72.5% of the population of the Principality is concentrated between the two ages. The first group already represents 14%, and the second, 13.5%.
The predominance of the older age group is not surprising, since Andorra has always been one of the countries with the highest life expectancy in the world. In the last recorded study, the average was 83.5 years.